The British Shorthair is the pedigreed version of the traditional British domestic cat.
They have a distinctively chunky body, dense coat and broad face.
The most familiar colour variant is the British Blue, who have a solid blue-grey coat, copper eyes and a medium sized tail.
The Persian cat is a long-haired breed of cat characterised by its round face and short muzzle.
It is also known as the Persian Longhair in the English-speaking countries.
In the Middle East they are widely known as an Iranian cat and in Iran they are known as the Shirazi cats.
The Maine Coon is the largest domesticated cat breed.
It has a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills.
It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America.
They are specifically native to Maine, where it is the official state cat.
The Siamese cat is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Asian cat.
They are derived from the Wichianmat landrace, one of several varieties of cat native to Thailand.
The Siamese became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America in the 19th century.
The Ragdoll is a cat breed with a color point coat and blue eyes.
They are large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat.
Developed by American breeder Ann Baker in the 1960s, they are best known for their docile and placid temperament and affectionate nature.
The Sphynx cat is a breed of cat known for its lack of coat.
Hairlessness in cats is a naturally occurring genetic mutation; however, the Sphynx cat, as a breed, was developed through selective breeding, starting in the 1960s.
Twix is a Bengal Cat.
The Bengal cat is a domesticated cat breed created from hybrids of other cats.
They are part Asian leopard cat and part Egyptian Mau.
This gives them their golden shimmer.
The Abyssinian is a breed of domestic short-haired cat with a distinctive "ticked" tabby coat, in which individual hairs are banded with different colors.
The breed is named for Abyssinia, where it is believed to have originated.
The Russian Blue is a cat breed that comes in colors varying from a light shimmering silver to a darker, slate grey.
It is their short, dense coat which has been the hallmark of the Russian breed for more than a century.
The dense coat stands out from the body.
The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat developed as a short-haired version of the Persian.
The Exotic is similar to the Persian in many ways, including temperament and conformation, a flat nose and face with the exceptions of the short dense coat.
The American Shorthair is a breed of domestic cat believed to be descended from European cats brought to North America by early settlers to protect valuable cargo from mice and rats.
According to the Cat Fancier's Association, in 2012, it was the seventh most popular pedigreed cat in the United States.
The Birman, also called the "Sacred Cat of Burma", is a domestic cat breed.
The Birman is a long-haired, colour-pointed cat distinguished by a silky coat, deep blue eyes, and contrasting white "gloves" or "socks" on each paw.
The breed name is derived from Birmanie, the French form of Burma.
The Scottish Fold is a breed of domestic cat with a natural dominant-gene mutation that affects cartilage throughout the body.
This causes their ears to "fold", bending forward and down towards the front of their heads.
This gives them what is often described as an "owl-like" appearance.
The Burmese cat is a breed of domestic cat, originating in Thailand, believed to have its roots near the present Thai-Burma border and developed in the United States and Britain.
The American Bobtail is an uncommon breed of domestic cat which was developed in the late 1960s.
It is most notable for its stubby "bobbed" tail about one-third to one-half the length of a normal cat's tail.
The Norwegian Forest cat is a breed of domestic cat originating in Northern Europe.
This natural breed is adapted to a very cold climate, with a top coat of glossy, long, water-shedding hairs and a woolly undercoat for insulation
The Devon Rex is a breed of intelligent, short-haired cat that emerged in England during the late 1950s.
They are known for their slender bodies, wavy coat, and large ears.
This breed of cat is capable of learning difficult tricks but can be difficult to motivate.
The Siberian is a landrace variety of domestic cat, present in Russia for centuries, and more recently developed as a formal breed, with standards promulgated since the late 1980s.
They vary from medium to medium-large in size.
The Turkish Angora is a breed of a domestic cat.
Turkish Angoras are one of the ancient, natural breeds of cat, having originated in central Turkey, in the Ankara region.
A Cornish Rex is a breed of domestic cat.
The Cornish Rex has no hair except for down.
Most breeds of cat have three different types of hair in their coats: the outer fur or "guard hairs", a middle layer called the "awn hair"; and the down hair or undercoat, which is very fine and about 1 cm long.
The Manx cat is a breed of domestic cat originating on the Isle of Man, with a naturally occurring mutation that shortens the tail.
The American Curl is a breed of cat characterized by its unusual ears, which curl back from the face toward the center of the back of the skull.
An American Curl's ears should be handled carefully because rough handling may damage the cartilage in the ear.
The Balinese is a long-haired breed of domestic cat with Siamese-style point coloration and sapphire-blue eyes.
The Himalayan, is a breed or sub-breed of long-haired cat identical in type to the Persian, with the exception of its blue eyes and its point colouration, which were derived from crossing the Persian with the Siamese
The Bombay cat is a type of short-haired cat developed by breeding sable Burmese and black American Shorthair cats, to produce a cat of mostly Burmese type, but with a sleek, panther-like black coat.
Bombay is the name given to black cats of the Asian group.
The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of domestic cat with an unusual bobtail more closely resembling the tail of a rabbit than that of other cats.
The variety is native to Japan and Southeast Asia, though it is now found throughout the world.
The Chartreux is a rare breed of domestic cat from France and is recognised by a number of registries around the world.
The Chartreux is large and muscular with relatively short, fine-boned limbs, and very fast reflexes.
Egyptian Maus are a small- to medium-sized short-haired cat breed.
They are one of the few naturally spotted breeds of domesticated cat.
The spots of the Mau occur on only the tips of the hairs of its coat.
It is considered to be a rare breed.
The Oriental Shorthair is a breed of domestic cat developed from and closely related to the Siamese.
It maintains the modern Siamese head and body type but appears in a wide range of coat colors and patterns.
The Ragamuffin is a breed of domestic cat.
It is a variant of the Ragdoll cat and was established as a separate breed in 1994.
Ragamuffins are notable for their friendly personalities and thick, rabbitlike fur.
The Ocicat is an all-domestic breed of cat which resembles a wild cat but has no recent wild DNA in its gene pool.
The breed is unusual in that it is spotted like a wild cat but has the temperament of a domestic animal.
It is named for its resemblance to the Ocelot.
The American Wirehair is a breed of domestic cat originating in upstate New York.
As of 2003, though the breed is well-known, it is ranked as the most rare of the 41 Cat Fanciers' Association breeds, with only 22 registered, down from 39 in 2002
The Turkish Van is a semi-long-haired breed of domestic cat, which was developed in the United Kingdom from a selection of cats obtained from various cities of modern Turkey, especially Southeast Turkey.
The Selkirk Rex is a breed of cat with highly curled hair.
The Munchkin cat or Sausage cat is a newer breed of cat characterized by its very short legs, which are caused by a genetic mutation.
Much controversy erupted over the breed when it was recognized by The International Cat Association in 1995 with critics voicing concern over potential health and mobility issues.
The Somali cat is often described as a long-haired African cat; a product of a recessive gene in Abyssinian cats, though how the gene was introduced into the Abyssinian gene pool is unknown.
The Singapura is one of the smallest breeds of cats, noted for its large eyes and ears, brown ticked coat and blunt tail.
The Korat is a silver-tipped blue-grey, short-haired breed of domestic cat with a small to medium build and a low percentage of body fat.
Its body is semi-cobby, and unusually heavy for its size.
It is an intelligent and playful active cat that forms strong bonds with people.
The LaPerm is a breed of cat.
A LaPerm's fur is curly, with the tightest curls being on the belly, throat and base of the ears.
LaPerms come in many colors and patterns.
LaPerms generally have a very affectionate personality.
Tonkinese are a domestic cat breed produced by crossbreeding between the Siamese and Burmese.
They share many of their parents' distinctively lively, playful personality traits and are similarly distinguished by a pointed coat pattern in a variety of colors.
The Savannah is a hybrid cat breed.
It is a cross between a serval and a domestic cat.
The Havana Brown was the result of a planned breeding between Siamese and domestic black cats, by a group of cat fanciers in England, in the 1950s.
Early breeders introduced a Siamese type Russian Blue into their breeding.
However, using current genetic testing, it is believed that almost none remain in the gene pool.
Colorpoint Shorthairs are a variety of domestic cat.
Depending on the cat registry, they may be considered a separate breed of cat, or more often a variant of a pre-existing one, if accepted at all.
The Burmilla is a breed of domestic cat which originated in the United Kingdom in 1981.
It is a cross between the Chinchilla Persian and Burmese breeds.
Standards were produced in 1984, and the breed gained championship status in the United Kingdom in the 1990s.
The Javanese, also known as the Colorpoint Longhair in some registries, is a variety of purebred domestic cat.
It is an Oriental-type, the long-haired equivalent of the Colorpoint Shorthair.
The Snowshoe is a breed of cat originating in the United States of America in the 1960s.
Snowshoes were first produced in Philadelphia when a Siamese breeder's cat gave birth to three kittens with white feet.
The Pixie-bob is a breed of domestic cat claimed to be the progeny of naturally occurring bobcat hybrids.
However, DNA testing has failed to detect bobcat marker genes, and Pixie-bobs are considered wholly domestic for the purposes of ownership, cat fancy registration, and import and export.
The Cymric is a breed of domestic cat.
Some cat registries consider the Cymric simply a semi-long-haired variety of the Manx breed, rather than a separate breed.
Except for the length of fur, in all other respects the two varieties are the same, and kittens of either sort may appear in the same litter.
The toyger is a breed of domestic cat, the result of breeding domestic shorthaired tabbies to make them resemble a "toy tiger", as its striped coat is reminiscent of the tiger's.
The Peterbald is a cat breed of Russian origin.
It was created in St Petersburg in 1994 from an experimental breeding by Olga S. Mironova.
They resemble Oriental Shorthairs with a hair-losing gene.
The breed was accepted for Championship class competition in 2009.
The Oriental Longhair is a variety of domestic cat.
It is closely related to the Oriental Shorthair.
The Oriental Longhair in some registries, such as The International Cat Association, is a separate breed.